Urban thermal bath in Ponte di Legno
Ponte di Legno is an important mountain holiday resort in Europe, thanks to its exceptional natural landscape dominated by the Adamello mountain and is an international ski resort. the development of the settlement took place in a consistent manner, maintaining an average height of the buildings that did not determine the effect of the definitive decontextualization of the new architecture of the place, as has happened in neighboring villages.
The project of a spa in such a central position offers an alternative model to thermal baths isolated from inhabited areas, becoming an important reference point for tourists and the community.
His opportunity with its iconic character constitutes an environmental, urban and economic enhancement for its characteristics.
The architecture has two reference areas: the inhabited area (comparing the scale to the surrounding buildings, that do not exceed three storeys above ground) and, for its architectural conformation, with the outline of the mountains in the horizon mostly regarding the Adamello range, with which it defines a relationship that is both visual and evocative in its form. while the link with the landscape is the generative element and visual reference within the building, the volumetric characterization made up of juxtaposed and integrated parts restores the spa to the existing context, made of reasonable sized buildings.
At the same time, however, it is freed by the character of monomateriality conferred by the use of the Diorite stone from the Adamello, positioned in vertical ashlars. poetically, the architecture could be defined as a rock crystal from the Adamello that was stopped by breaking off and reshaping its spires in the bottom of the valley. it is a highly attractive and iconic building but discreet, balanced and in harmony with its scale and its location.
This principle, which forms the basis of the architectural definition in a project, is linked to the fact that it is a sequence of individualised spaces that are strongly characterised by light, and at the same time, integrated and coherent through a path that links its different areas. the role of light is central in this sense and is a preeminent material in revealing the space, volume and materiality of the rough stone. Used for cladding both inside and outside, enhances the “wise play of volumes under the light”.
Being light the main protagonist of the thermal baths, water is the reactive element that reveals suggestive reflection sand changes its state, transforming itself into steam, creating intense and ever-changing atmospheres. water, a material with different densities and temperatures, accompanies each space connecting the different areas that can be both meditative and for leisure.